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Packaged Drinking Water - Some are microbiologically unsafe. Don’t drink them

In a country where sufficient and safe potable water is not available everywhere, either because harmful chemical substances are found in the layers of earth which enter into water or because the water may be contaminated due to pathogenic microorganisms, packaged drinking water is serious business. However, what if the packaged drinking water – the one that you and I buy at a price in the belief that it is the safest – is not drinkable enough? What if it has harmful organisms? In such a case, there cannot be two opinions that the seller is not only breaching the consumer’s trust but is also putting their health at risk. Considering that packaged drinking water is consumed by an ever-increasing population, the rules governing its sourcing and treatment processes have to be strictly conformed to. In order to find out if unhealthy packaged drinking water brands are being sold in the Indian market, Consumer Voice tested a dozen top brands – on the basis of their market share – in an NABL-accredited laboratory. While most brands passed all tests and fulfilled the parameters set by the national standards, the samples of a few failed in crucial microbiological tests. Is your bottled water brand one of them? Here’s a complete report for you to find that out.

The test programme for packaged drinking water is based on IS: 14543: 2004 with the latest amendments. Test parameters were mainly based on IS in order to judge the overall quality, as also on the requirements of FSS Regulations, 2011, which cover the product requirements. We tested 12 brands of one-litre packaged drinking water on quality, acceptability and sensory parameters. The testing was conducted in an NABL accredited laboratory capable of testing and analysing packaged drinking water as per the mentioned standards. The key parameters for which the 12 brands were tested included presence of undesirable substances and microbiological organisms, pesticide residues, toxic/heavy metals, total dissolved solids (TDS), pH level, radioactivity, turbidity and colour.

 

Top Performers - Rail Neer

Value for Money - Rail Neer



 

Remember not to use these brands - Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X as they failed to meet the microbiological requirements – hence they are not safe for consumption.

Key Findings

  • Based on the overall test findings, Rail Neer is the top performer. Next in ranking are McDowell’s and Bisleri.
  • Rail Neer is also the value-for-money brand – it costs Rs 15 a litre, as against the general price of Rs 20 per litre.
  • Except for Bailey, Aquafina, A4X and Royal Blue, all other brands were found to be meeting the requirements of Indian Standard.
  • Aquafina, Royal Blue, Bailley and A4X had total colony count (of bacteria) higher than the maximum permissible limit set by Indian Standard. P. aeruginosa bacteria were also found in these four.
  • Yeast and mould count was found in Aquafina.
  • None of the brands was found surpassing the maximum permissible limit for various minerals, toxic substances and residual pesticides.
  • In physical tests (colour, TDS, turbidity, pH), all brands met the requirement set by Indian Standard.

Tests Performed

  1. For Physiochemical Parameters
  2. For Microbiological Activity
  3. For Sensory Attributes
  4. For General Qualities

Manufacturer's Comments: Aquafina

  • It is not justifiable to ask for comments on the basis of ex-parte test results that are merely typed on plain paper and that too without any reference to an NABL-accredited lab wherein such alleged test has taken place, and also without giving us any opportunity to confirm or deny the same on an objective basis.
  • It is further pertinent to mention here that the presence of such high count of total viable colony and Pseudomonas aeruginosa is not at all possible in our product Aquafina. Presence of mould in our product was never ever reported. Such high count is possible only when the sample is contaminated during plating, in a non-sterile plating environment, or due to use of contaminated media during the microbiological test. The same batch no. was found well within the parameters by an NABL-accredited lab, Microchem Silliker Pvt. Ltd, and by our in-house lab.
  • You are requested to take utmost care before you rely on such data which is not in sync with the test reports issued by independent NABL-accredited labs.

    Reply to Aquafina

    The original test report was issued by the lab in NABL-approved format; however, as a policy matter we reproduce the test results in our standard format and share the same with concerned manufacturers. The tests were conducted in a reputed NABL-accredited and independent laboratory. Our designated NABL lab has confirmed that the earlier test results are in order as per specified protocol.

    You can see list of our CV Comparative Test Packaged Drinking Water below, perform Side-by-Side comparison. If you need further help, do have a look at Conzumr Guides and Tips. Alternatively you can view all Packaged Drinking Water to choose your own favourites.


  • It is water derived from varied sources including surface, ground or sea and subjected to treatment like decantation, filtration (including aeration filtration with membrane filter, cartridge filter, activated carbon filtration), demineralisation, mineralisation and reverse osmosis. The packaged water is also disinfected before being packed so that it does not get contaminated until consumed within a specific time. The packaged drinking water shall be filled in sealed containers of various compositions, forms and capacities that are suitable for direct consumption without further treatment. In case demineralisation is a part of the treatment process, the ingredients used shall be of food-grade quality and conform to the requirements set by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India and rules framed there under.

    Side by Side comparison

    Buy Now Kinley
    Kinley ₹ 20
    Refreshed 3 years ago
    Highlights
    MRP (Rs)
    Railway Neer : 15
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 20
    Bisleri : 20
    Bonaqua : 20
    Xalta : 20
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 20
    Kinley : 20
    Icelings : 20
    Bailley : 15
    Royal Blue : 20
    A4X : 20
    Aquafina : 20
    Net Volume
    Railway Neer : 1 L
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 1 L
    Bisleri : 1 L
    Bonaqua : 1 L
    Xalta : 1 L
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 1 L
    Kinley : 1 L
    Icelings : 1 L
    Bailley : 1 L
    Royal Blue : 1 L
    A4X : 1 L
    Aquafina : 1 L
    Best Before
    Railway Neer : 6 Months
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 6 Months
    Bisleri : 6 Months
    Bonaqua : 12 Months
    Xalta : 6 Months
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 6 Months
    Kinley : 12 Months
    Icelings : 6 Months
    Bailley : 6 Months
    Royal Blue : 6 Months
    A4X : 6 Months
    Aquafina : 9 Months
    Railway Neer : No
    Mcdowell's no.1 : No
    Bisleri : No
    Bonaqua : No
    Xalta : No
    More Packaged Drinking Water : No
    Kinley : No
    Icelings : No
    Bailley : 
    Royal Blue : 
    A4X : 
    Aquafina : 
    Downgraded to poor as they do not comply with microbiological requirements
    Brands Tested
    Rank
    Railway Neer : 1
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 2
    Bisleri : 2
    Bonaqua : 3
    Xalta : 3
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 4
    Kinley : 5
    Icelings : 5
    Bailley : -
    Royal Blue : -
    A4X : -
    Aquafina : -
    Total Score out of 100
    Railway Neer : 97
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 96
    Bisleri : 96
    Bonaqua : 95
    Xalta : 95
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 94
    Kinley : 93
    Icelings : 93
    Bailley : -
    Royal Blue : -
    A4X : -
    Aquafina : -
    Marketed/Manufactured by
    Railway Neer : Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Ltd, Delhi
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Mahaveer Aqua Pvt. Ltd, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
    Bisleri : Bisleri International Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai
    Bonaqua : Hindustan Coca Cola Beverages Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi
    Xalta : Bisleri International Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Begud Beverages Ltd, Hapur Uttar Pradesh
    Kinley : Moon Beverages Ltd, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh
    Icelings : Sarthak Aqua India Pvt. Ltd, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh
    Bailley : Parle Agro Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai
    Royal Blue : SG Beverages, Delhi
    A4X : Ansh Beverages Ltd, New Delhi
    Aquafina : Varun Beverages Ltd, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
    For Microbiological Activity
    Yeast and mould (per 250 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Present
    Total viable colony count (cfu/ml) at 20–22° C
    Railway Neer : Less than 1
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Less than 1
    Bisleri : Less than 1
    Bonaqua : Less than 1
    Xalta : Less than 1
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Less than 1
    Kinley : Less than 1
    Icelings : Less than 1
    Bailley : 790
    Royal Blue : 1100
    A4X : 170
    Aquafina : 9100
    Total viable colony count (cfu/ml) at 37° C
    Railway Neer : Less than 1
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Less than 1
    Bisleri : Less than 1
    Bonaqua : Less than 1
    Xalta : Less than 1
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Less than 1
    Kinley : Less than 1
    Icelings : Less than 1
    Bailley : 100
    Royal Blue : 560
    A4X : 86
    Aquafina : 1600
    E. coli (per 250 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Absent
    Coliform (per 250 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Absent
    Faecal streptococci (per 250 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Absent
    Shigella (per 250 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Absent
    Sulphite-reducing anaerobes (per 50 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Absent
    S. aureus (per 250 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Absent
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa (per 250 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Absent
    Vibrio cholerae (per 250 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Absent
    Vibrio parahaemolyticus (per 250 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Absent
    Salmonella (per 250 ml)
    Railway Neer : Absent
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Absent
    Bisleri : Absent
    Bonaqua : Absent
    Xalta : Absent
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Absent
    Kinley : Absent
    Icelings : Absent
    Bailley : Absent
    Royal Blue : Absent
    A4X : Absent
    Aquafina : Absent
    Score out of 20
    Railway Neer : 20
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 20
    Bisleri : 20
    Bonaqua : 20
    Xalta : 20
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 20
    Kinley : 20
    Icelings : 20
    Bailley : 13
    Royal Blue : 13
    A4X : 13
    Aquafina : 11
    Applying downgrading*
    Railway Neer : 20
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 20
    Bisleri : 20
    Bonaqua : 20
    Xalta : 20
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 20
    Kinley : 20
    Icelings : 20
    Bailley : -
    Royal Blue : -
    A4X : -
    Aquafina : -
    For Physicochemical Parameters
    Railway Neer : 19.39
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 19.28
    Bisleri : 19.39
    Bonaqua : 19.6
    Xalta : 19.42
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 19.58
    Kinley : 19.46
    Icelings : 19.14
    Bailley : 19.25
    Royal Blue : 19.42
    A4X : 19.82
    Aquafina : 19.89

    Apart from the toxic metals and substances, there are a few undesirable substances that can make drinking water unhealthy/unhygienic or hamper its taste. All these undesirable substances were tested as per the requirements of IS, and a handful of brands contained some of these in negligible quantities.

    Railway Neer : 45 mg/litre
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 45 mg/litre.
    Bisleri : 45 mg/litre
    Bonaqua : 45 mg/litre
    Xalta : 45 mg/litre
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 45 mg/litre
    Kinley : 45 mg/litre.
    Icelings : 45 mg/litre
    Bailley : 45 mg/litre
    Royal Blue : 45 mg/litre
    A4X : 45 mg/litre.
    Aquafina : 45 mg/litre

    Nitrate in drinking water can be a maximum of 45 mg/litre. Except for Aquafina, Kinley and More, all brands contained some amount of nitrate, but it was well within the maximum permissible limit.

    Railway Neer : 1 mg/litre
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 1 mg/litre
    Bisleri : 1 mg/litre
    Bonaqua : 1 mg/litre
    Xalta : 1 mg/litre
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 1 mg/litre
    Kinley : 1 mg/litre
    Icelings : 1 mg/litre
    Bailley : 1 mg/litre
    Royal Blue : 1 mg/litre
    A4X : 1 mg/litre
    Aquafina : 1 mg/litre
    As per the national standard, the maximum amount of fluoride permissible in packaged drinking water is 1 mg/litre. All brands were found to be within the permissible limit.
    Railway Neer : 0.1 mg/litre
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 0.1 mg/litre
    Bisleri : 0.1 mg/litre
    Bonaqua : 0.1 mg/litre
    Xalta : 0.1 mg/litre
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 0.1 mg/litre
    Kinley : 0.1 mg/litre
    Icelings : 0.1 mg/litre
    Bailley : 0.1 mg/litre
    Royal Blue : 0.1 mg/litre
    A4X : 0.1 mg/litre
    Aquafina : 0.1 mg/litre
    Levels of silver up to 0.1 mg/litre can be tolerated without risk to health. Silver was not detected in any of the tested brands.
    Railway Neer : 200 mg/litre
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 200 mg/litre
    Bisleri : 200 mg/litre
    Bonaqua : 200 mg/litre
    Xalta : 200 mg/litre
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 200 mg/litre
    Kinley : 200 mg/litre
    Icelings : 200 mg/litre
    Bailley : 200 mg/litre
    Royal Blue : 200 mg/litre
    A4X : 200 mg/litre
    Aquafina : 200 mg/litre
    The maximum permissible limit for chloride is 200 mg/litre. Chloride was well below the maximum permissible limit in all tested brands.
    Railway Neer : 200 mg/litre
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 200 mg/litre
    Bisleri : 200 mg/litre
    Bonaqua : 200 mg/litre
    Xalta : 200 mg/litre
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 200 mg/litre
    Kinley : 200 mg/litre
    Icelings : 200 mg/litre
    Bailley : 200 mg/litre
    Royal Blue : 200 mg/litre
    A4X : 200 mg/litre
    Aquafina : 200 mg/litre
    The permissible limit for sulphate is 200 mg/litre. It was well below the maximum permissible limit in some of the brands, while in some it was not detected at all.
    Railway Neer : 200 mg/litre
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 200 mg/litre
    Bisleri : 200 mg/litre
    Bonaqua : 200 mg/litre
    Xalta : 200 mg/litre
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 200 mg/litre
    Kinley : 200 mg/litre
    Icelings : 200 mg/litre
    Bailley : 200 mg/litre
    Royal Blue : 200 mg/litre
    A4X : 200 mg/litre
    Aquafina : 200 mg/litre
    Alkalinity is not considered to be detrimental to humans, but is generally associated with hardness, high pH values and excessive dissolved solids, all of which may be undesirable. HCO3 should not exceed 200 mg per litre. All the brands were found well below the permissible limit for alkalinity
    Railway Neer : 75 mg/litre and 30 mg/litre
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 75 mg/litre and 30 mg/litre
    Bisleri : 75 mg/litre and 30 mg/litre
    Bonaqua : 75 mg/litre and 30 mg/litre
    Xalta : 75 mg/litre and 30 mg/litre
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 75 mg/litre and 30 mg/litre
    Kinley : 75 mg/litre and 30 mg/litre
    Icelings : 75 mg per litre and 30 mg per litre
    Bailley : 75 mg/litre and 30 mg/litre
    Royal Blue : 75 mg per litre and 30 mg per litre
    A4X : 75 mg per litre and 30 mg per litre
    Aquafina : 75 mg per litre and 30 mg per litre
    Calcium in water and certain other minerals in water are healthy. Calcium-rich water has a higher pH and that is better than drinking acidic water. However, calcium and magnesium are components of permanent hardness, and thus are undesirable in drinking water. The amount of calcium should not exceed 75 mg per litre, while magnesium should not be more than 30 mg per litre. In the tests, all brands were found to contain very slight amounts of calcium and magnesium.
    Railway Neer : 200 mg/ litre
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 200 mg/litre
    Bisleri : 200 mg/litre
    Bonaqua : 200 mg/litre
    Xalta : 200 mg/litre
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 200 mg/litre
    Kinley : 200 mg/litre
    Icelings : 200 mg/litre
    Bailley : 200 mg/litre
    Royal Blue : 200 mg/litre
    A4X : 200 mg/litre
    Aquafina : 200 mg/litre
    Sodium is an essential mineral in our diet. It is commonly found in the form of sodium chloride (salt). Salt has no smell and it dissolves easily in water and gives water a salty taste at high levels. The amount of sodium should not exceed 200 mg per litre. All the brands were found well within the maximum permissible limit for sodium.
    Railway Neer : 12
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 12
    Bisleri : 12
    Bonaqua : 12
    Xalta : 12
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 12
    Kinley : 12
    Icelings : 12
    Bailley : 12
    Royal Blue : 12
    A4X : 12
    Aquafina : 12
    Sodium is an essential mineral in our diet. It is commonly found in the form of sodium chloride (salt). Salt has no smell and it dissolves easily in water and gives water a salty taste at high levels. The amount of sodium should not exceed 200 mg per litre. All the brands were found well within the maximum permissible limit for sodium.
    Railway Neer : 10
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 10
    Bisleri : 10
    Bonaqua : 10
    Xalta : 10
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 10
    Kinley : 9.4
    Icelings : 6.08
    Bailley : 10
    Royal Blue : 10
    A4X : 7.36
    Aquafina : 10
    Pesticide is a chemical or biological agent (such as a virus, bacterium, antimicrobial, or disinfectant) that deters, incapacitates, kills, or otherwise discourages pests. Pesticides may cause acute and delayed health effects in people who are exposed. Such adverse health effects range from simple irritation of the skin and eyes to more severe effects like affecting the nervous system, mimicking hormones causing reproductive problems, and causing cancer.
    Railway Neer : 7.44
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 7.6
    Bisleri : 7.44
    Bonaqua : 6
    Xalta : 6.64
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 4.72
    Kinley : 5.32
    Icelings : 8.6
    Bailley : 8.16
    Royal Blue : 7.12
    A4X : 4.92
    Aquafina : 4.4
    Total dissolved solids are the amount of minerals, salts or metals dissolved in a given volume of water. TDS is directly related to the purity of potable water and the quality of water purification systems, and affects everything that consumes, lives in, or uses water, whether organic or inorganic, whether for better or for worse. The standard/regular practice of packaged drinking water in industry is to take the potable water from a regular source (for example, groundwater or as permitted by the Indian Standard) and demineralise the water through the RO system and in the required quantity to balance the TDS level as permitted in the national standard.
    Railway Neer : 3
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 3
    Bisleri : 3
    Bonaqua : 3
    Xalta : 3
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 3
    Kinley : 3
    Icelings : 3
    Bailley : 3
    Royal Blue : 3
    A4X : 3
    Aquafina : 3
    Total dissolved solids are the amount of minerals, salts or metals dissolved in a given volume of water. TDS is directly related to the purity of potable water and the quality of water purification systems, and affects everything that consumes, lives in, or uses water, whether organic or inorganic, whether for better or for worse. The standard/regular practice of packaged drinking water in industry is to take the potable water from a regular source (for example, groundwater or as permitted by the Indian Standard) and demineralise the water through the RO system and in the required quantity to balance the TDS level as permitted in the national standard.
    Railway Neer : 1
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 1
    Bisleri : 1
    Bonaqua : 1
    Xalta : 1
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 1
    Kinley : 1
    Icelings : 1
    Bailley : 1
    Royal Blue : 1
    A4X : 1
    Aquafina : 1
    The pH level of your drinking water reflects how acidic it is. pH stands for ‘potential hydrogen’, referring to the amount of hydrogen mixed with the water. pH is measured on a scale that runs from 0 to 14. A measurement of seven is neutral, indicating there is no acid or alkalinity. A measurement below 7 indicates presence of acid and a measurement above 7 indicates alkalinity. The normal range for pH in packaged drinking water as per Indian Standard is between 6.5 and 8.5.
    Railway Neer : 5.74
    Mcdowell's no.1 : 6.02
    Bisleri : 5.74
    Bonaqua : 6.72
    Xalta : 5.6
    More Packaged Drinking Water : 6.58
    Kinley : 6.3
    Icelings : 5.74
    Bailley : 5.6
    Royal Blue : 5.74
    A4X : 6.16
    Aquafina : 5.88
    The pH level of your drinking water reflects how acidic it is. pH stands for ‘potential hydrogen’, referring to the amount of hydrogen mixed with the water. pH is measured on a scale that runs from 0 to 14. A measurement of seven is neutral, indicating there is no acid or alkalinity. A measurement below 7 indicates presence of acid and a measurement above 7 indicates alkalinity. The normal range for pH in packaged drinking water as per Indian Standard is between 6.5 and 8.5.

    The sensory test was conducted in a reputed lab by qualified and experienced members who were capable of judging the sensory attributes of such products.

    Sensory Attributes
    Railway Neer : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    Mcdowell's no.1 : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    Bisleri : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    Bonaqua : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    Xalta : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    More Packaged Drinking Water : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    Kinley : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    Icelings : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    Bailley : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    Royal Blue : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    A4X : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    Aquafina : Aquafina, Bailley, Royal Blue and A4X were not included in the sensory test for taste as they had failed the microbiological test and could be unsafe to drink. • The remaining eight brands scored equally well on odour and taste parameters.
    For General Qualities
    Railway Neer : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    Mcdowell's no.1 : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    Bisleri : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    Bonaqua : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    Xalta : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    More Packaged Drinking Water : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    Kinley : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    Icelings : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    Bailley : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    Royal Blue : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    A4X : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    Aquafina : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores.
    The bottle of packaged drinking water should be legibly marked with these details: a) name of the product; b) name and address of processor; c) brand name, if any; d) batch or code number; e) date of processing/packaging; f) treatment of disinfection, if any; g) ‘best before’ date; and h) mandatory ISI mark , MRP, net volume, FSSAI license number and customer care details.

    All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores. All the brands were marked with ISI mark. • The green dot (indicating vegetarian status) is not a mandatory requirement and some brands do not carry it.

    Railway Neer : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores. All the brands were marked with ISI mark. • The green dot (indicating vegetarian status) is not a mandatory requirement and some brands do not carry
    Mcdowell's no.1 : All the brands were in PET plastic bottle. Packaging of all brands was found to be convenient and acceptable.
    Bisleri : All the brands were in PET plastic bottle. Packaging of all brands was found to be convenient and acceptable.
    Bonaqua : All the brands were in PET plastic bottle. Packaging of all brands was found to be convenient and acceptable.
    Xalta : All the brands were in PET plastic bottle. Packaging of all brands was found to be convenient and acceptable.
    More Packaged Drinking Water : All the brands were in PET plastic bottle. Packaging of all brands was found to be convenient and acceptable.
    Kinley : All the brands were in PET plastic bottle. Packaging of all brands was found to be convenient and acceptable.
    Icelings : All the brands were in PET plastic bottle. Packaging of all brands was found to be convenient and acceptable.
    Bailley : All the brands were in PET plastic bottle. Packaging of all brands was found to be convenient and acceptable.
    Royal Blue : All the brands were in PET plastic bottle. Packaging of all brands was found to be convenient and acceptable.
    A4X : All the brands were in PET plastic bottle. Packaging of all brands was found to be convenient and acceptable.
    Aquafina : All the brands were found to have the marking/labelling requirements and hence were given full scores. All the brands were marked with ISI mark. • The green dot (indicating vegetarian status) is not a mandatory requirement and some brands do not carry it.
    The packaging material of packaged drinking water should be of food-grade material and the cap of the bottle must not have any colour migration on the product. Expert panellists judged the packaging based on ease of use, handling and other related parameters, and ratings were given accordingly.
    Railway Neer : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply:
    Mcdowell's no.1 : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply
    Bisleri : -
    Bonaqua : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply
    Xalta : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply
    More Packaged Drinking Water : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply
    Kinley : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply
    Icelings : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply
    Bailley : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply
    Royal Blue : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply
    A4X : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply
    Aquafina : As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply
    As a matter of policy, before publication, the test results of the brands are shared with their respective manufacturers/marketers inviting their views/ comments. We reproduce here the comments of manufacturers as well as our reply: